Bibliography

(Go to abbreviations)

Adams1977:
J.N.Adams (1977), The Vulgar Latin of the letters of Claudius Terentianus. Manchester
Adams1984:
J.N.Adams (1984), "Female speech in Latin comedy", Antichthon 18: 43-77
Adams1990a:
J.N.Adams (1990a), "The latinity of C.Novius Eunus", ZPE 82: 227-47
Adams1990b:
J.N.Adams (1990b), "The forfex of the veterinarius Virilis (Vindolanda inv.no.86/470) and ancient methods of castrating horses", Britannia 21: 267-71
Adams1992a:
J.N.Adams (1992a), "British Latin: the text, interpretation and language of the Bath curse tablets", Britannia 23: 1-26
Adams1992b:
J.N.Adams (1992b), "The use and meaning of stratum and scordiscus in Latin veterinary texts", Latomus 51: 159-68
Adams1992c:
J.N.Adams (1992c), "The origin and meaning of Lat. ueterinus, ueterinarius", Indo-germanische Forschungen 97: 70-95
Adams1993:
J.N.Adams (1993), "The generic use of mula and the status and employment of female mules in the Roman world", RhM n.f.136:35-61
Adams1994:
J.N.Adams (1994), "The Latin of the Vindolanda writing-tablets", (forthcoming)
Adams1995a:
J.N.Adams (1995a), "The language of the Vindolanda writing tablets: an interim report", JRS 85: 86-134
Adams1995b:
J.N.Adams (1995b), Pelagonius and Latin Veterinary Terminology in the Roman Empire. Leiden
Adams1996:
J.N.Adams (1996), "The interpretation of souxtum at Tab. Vindol. II.301.3", ZPE 110: 238
Adams1999:
J.N.Adams (1999), "The poets of Bu Njem: language, culture and the centurionate", JRS 89:109-34
Adams2002:
J.N.Adams (2002), “An unusual epistolary formula and the text at RIB II.4.2443.7”, ZPE 140: 262
Adams2003:
J.N.Adams (2003), “The new Vindolanda writing-tablets”, Classical Quarterly 53 (forthcoming)
Allason-Jones1989:
L.Allason-Jones (1989), Women in Roman Britain. London
Allason-JonesBishop1988:
L.Allason-Jones, M.C.Bishop (1988), Excavations at Roman Corbridge. The Hoard (English Heritage, Archaeological Report no.7)
Anderson1985:
J.K.Anderson (1985), Hunting in the ancient world. Berkeley
AndersonParsonsNisbet1979:
R.D.Anderson, P.J.Parsons, R.G.M.Nisbet (1979), "Elegiacs by Gallus from Qasr Ibrîm", JRS 69: 125-55
Andre1966:
J.André (1966/7), "Tossia: couverture de lit", Etudes celtiques 11: 409-12
Andre1967:
J.André (1967), Les noms d’oiseaux en Latin. Paris
Andre1981:
J. André (1981), L'alimentation et la cuisine à Rome. 2nd ed., Paris
Andre1985:
J.André (1985), Les noms de plantes dans la Rome antique. Paris
Andre1991:
J.André (1991), Le vocabulaire latin de l'anatomie. Paris
Aubert1994:
J.-J. Aubert (1994), "Business Managers in Ancient Rome: A Social and Economic Study of Institors". Leiden
Austin1991:
P.S.Austin (1991), Bewcastle and Old Penrith. Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, Research Series no.6. Kendal
Baatz1973:
D.Baatz (1973), Kastell Hesselbach und andere Forschungen am Oldenwaldlimes. Limesforschungen, Studien zur Organisation der römischen Reichsgrenzen an Rhein und Donau 12. Berlin
Baatz1983:
D.Baatz (1983), "Lederne Gürteltaschen römischer Soldaten", Archäologisches Kor-respondenzblatt 13: 359-61
Bagnall1977:
R.S.Bagnall (1977), "Army and police in Roman Upper Egypt", JARCE 14: 67-86
Bagnall1985:
R.S.Bagnall (1985), Currency and inflation in fourth century Egypt. BASP, Suppl.5.
Bagnall1986:
R.S.Bagnall (1986), "Papyri and ostraca from Quseir al-Quadim", BASP 23: 1-60
Bellen1981:
H.Bellen (1981), Die germanische Leibwache der römischen Kaiser des julisch-claudischen Hauses. Wiesbaden
BingenNachtergael1978:
J.Bingen, G.Nachtergael (ed. 1978), Actes du XVe congrès international de papyrologie. Papyrologica Bruxellensia 16. Brussels
Aymard1951:
J.Aymard (1951), Les chasses romaines des origines à la fin du siècle des Antonins. Paris
Bastianini1975:
G.Bastianini (1975), “Lista dei prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p", ZPE 17:263-328.
Bastianini1988:
G.Bastianini (1988), “Il prefetto d’Egitto (30 a.C. – 297 c.C.). Addenda (1973-1985).” ANRW II.10.1: 503-517.
Bidwell1999:
P.Bidwell (ed. 1999), Hadrian's Wall 1989-1999 (Twelfth Pilgrimage Handbook). Carlisle
ABirley1997:
A.Birley (1997), Vindolanda IV: Fasc. II. Security: the keys and locks. Greenhead
ARBirley1979:
A.R.Birley (1979), The People of Roman Britain. London
ARBirley1981:
A.R.Birley (1981), The Fasti of Roman Britain. Oxford
ARBirley1990:
A.R.Birley (1990), Officers of the Second Augustan Legion in Britain. Cardiff
ARBirley1991a:
A.R.Birley (1991a), "Vindolanda; new writing-tablets 1986-9", in Maxfield and Dobson (ed. 1991): 16-20
ARBirley1991b:
A.R.Birley (1991b), "Vindolanda: notes on some new writing tablets", ZPE 88: 87-102
ARBirley1992:
A.R.Birley (1992), "A case of eye disease (lippitudo) on the Roman frontier in Britain", Documenta Ophthalmologica 81: 111-9
ARBirley1997:
A.R.Birley (1997), "‘Supplying the Batavians at Vindolanda", in Groenman-van Waateringe et al. (ed. 1997): 273-80
ARBirley1998:
A.R.Birley (1998), "A new tombstone from Vindolanda", Britannia 29: 299-306
ARBirley1999a:
A.R.Birley (1999a), "A new governor of Britain (20 August 127): L. Trebius Germanus", ZPE 124: 243-48
ARBirley1999b:
A.R.Birley (1999b), "The Vindolanda Writing-tablets", in Bidwell (ed. 1999): 37-47
ARBirley2001a:
A.R.Birley (2001a), "The names of the Batavians and Tungrians in the Tabulae Vindolandenses", in T.Grünewald (ed. 2001): 241-60
ARBirley2001b:
A.R.Birley (2001b), "A band of brothers: equestrian officers in the Vindolanda Tablets", Electrum 5: 9-30
ARBirley2001c:
A.R.Birley (2001c), "The Anavionenses", in Higham (ed. 2001): 15-24
ARBirley2002:
A.R.Birley (2002), Garrison Life at Vindolanda. A Band of Brothers. Stroud
ARBirleyBirley1994:
A.R.Birley, R.E.Birley (1994), "Four new writing-tablets from Vindolanda", ZPE 100: 431-446
EBirley1988:
E.Birley (1988), The Roman Army. Papers 1929-86. Amsterdam
EBirleyRBirleyABirley1993:
E.Birley, R.Birley, A.Birley (1993), The Early Wooden Forts: Reports on the Auxiliaries, the Writing Tablets, Inscriptions, Brands and Graffiti, Vindolanda Research Reports 2, Bardon Mill
REBirley1977:
R.E.Birley (1977), Vindolanda. A Roman frontier post on Hadrian's Wall. London
REBirley1990:
R.E.Birley (1990), The Roman documents from Vindolanda. Newcastle upon Tyne
REBirley1996:
R.E.Birley (1996), Vindolanda IV: Fasc. I. The Weapons. Greenhead
REBirley1997:
R.E.Birley (1997), "The Vindolanda bonfire", Current Archaeology 13(9): 348-57
REBirley1999:
R.E.Birley (1999), Vindolanda IV: Fasc. IV. Writing materials. Greenhead
REBirleyBlakeABirley1998:
R.E.Birley, J.Blake, A.Birley (1998), The 1997 Excavations at Vindolanda: the Praetorium site. Interim report. Greenhead
REBirleyABirleyBlake1999:
R.E.Birley, A.Birley, J.Blake (1999), The 1998 Excavations at Vindolanda: the Praetorium site. Interim report. Greenhead
Bischoff1986:
B.Bischoff (1986), Paläographie des römischen Altertums und des abendländischen Mittelalters. 2nd ed., Berlin
Bischoff1990:
B.Bischoff (1990), Latin palaeography, antiquity and the middle ages. Cambridge [= English edition of Bischoff (1986), by D.Ó Cróinín and D.Ganz]
Bishop1985:
M.C.Bishop (ed. 1985), The production and distribution of Roman military equipment. British Archaeological Reports, Int.Ser. 275. Oxford
Bishop1985:
M.C.Bishop (1985), "The military fabrica and the production of arms in the early principate", in Bishop (ed. 1985): 1-42
Bishop1988:
M.C.Bishop (1988), "Cavalry equipment of the Roman army in the first century AD", in Coulston (ed. 1988): 67-195
BishopCoulston1993:
M.C.Bishop, J.C.N.Coulston (1993), Roman military equipment. London
BishopDore1988:
M.C.Bishop, J.N.Dore (1988), Corbridge, excavation of the Roman fort and town 1947-80. London
BlaggKing1984:
T.F.C.Blagg, A.C.King (ed. 1984), Military and civilian in Roman Britain: cultural relationships in a frontier province, British Archaeological Reports, Brit.Ser. 136. Oxford
BlaggMillett1990:
T.F.C.Blagg, M.Millett (ed. 1990), The early Roman empire in the west. Oxford
Blake1999:
J.Blake (1999), Vindolanda IV: Fasc. III. The Tools. Greenhead
BlakeRBirleyBrickstock2001:
J.Blake, R.Birley, R.J. Brickstock (2001), Vindolanda Excaavations 2000: the southern defences of Stone Fort Two, with the circular huts and other features. Greenhead
BlancoOliveStylow1987:
A.Gonzáles Blanco, M.Mayer Olivé, A.U.Stylow (1987), La cueva negra de Fortuna (Murcia) y sus tituli picti. Antigüedad y Cristianesimo IV. Murcia
Bloemers1983:
J.H.F.Bloemers (1983), "Acculturation in the Rhine/Meuse Basin in the Roman period: a preliminary survey", in Brandt and Slofstra (ed. 1983): 159-210
Boge1973:
H.Boge (1973), Griechische Tachygraphie und tironische Noten. Berlin
Boon1983:
G.C.Boon (1983), "Potters, oculists and eye-troubles", Britannia 14: 1-12
Boon1984:
G.C.Boon (1984), "A trulleus from Caerleon with a stamp of the First Cavalry Regiment of Thracians", Ant.J. 64: 403-7
Boon1988:
G.C.Boon (1988), "Review of Coventina’s Well: a Shrine on Hadrian’s Wall, by L. Allason-Jones and B. McKay", Britannia 19: 524-5
Bowman1974:
A.K.Bowman (1974), "Roman military records from Vindolanda", Britannia 5: 360-73
Bowman1975:
A.K.Bowman (1975), "The Vindolanda writing-tablets and the development of the Roman book form", ZPE 18: 237-52
Bowman1981:
A.K.Bowman (1981), Roman Writing-Tablets from Vindolanda. London
Bowman1991:
A.K.Bowman (1991), "Literacy in the Roman empire: mass and mode", in Humphrey (ed. 1991): 119-31
Bowman1994a:
A.K.Bowman (1994a), Life and letters on the Roman frontier. Vindolanda and its people. London
Bowman1994b:
A.K.Bowman (1994b), "The Roman imperial army; letters and literacy on the northern frontier", in Bowman and Woolf (ed. 1994): 109-25
Bowman1998:
A.K.Bowman (1998), Life and letters on the Roman frontier. Vindolanda and its people. 2nd ed., London
BowmanBrady2004:
A.K.Bowman, J.M.Brady (ed. 2004), Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World. London
BowmanThomas1975:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas (1975), "The Vindolanda writing-tablets and their significance: an interim Report", Historia 24: 463-78
BowmanThomas1983:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas (1983), Vindolanda: the Latin writing-tablets. Britannia Monograph 4. London
BowmanThomas1986:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas (1986), "Vindolanda 1985: the new writing-tablets", JRS 76: 120-3
BowmanThomas1987:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas (1987), "New texts from Vindolanda", Britannia 18: 125-42
BowmanThomas1991:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas (1991), "A military strength report from Vindolanda", JRS 81: 62-73
BowmanThomas1994:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas (1994), The Vindolanda Writing-Tablets (Tabulae Vindolandenses II). London
BowmanThomas1996:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas (1996), "New writing tablets from Vindolanda", Britannia 27: 299-328
BowmanThomasAdams1990:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas, J.N.Adams (1990), "Two letters from Vindolanda", Britannia 21: 33-52
BowmanThomasWright1974:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas, R.P.Wright (1974) "Appendix to Roman Britain in 1973: the Vindolanda writing-tablets", Britannia 5: 471-80
BowmanTomlin2004:
A.K.Bowman, R.S.O.Tomlin (2004), “Wooden stilus tablets from Roman Britain”
BowmanWoolf1994:
A.K.Bowman, G.D.Woolf (ed. 1994), Literacy and power in the ancient World. Cambridge
BradyPanSchenkTerrasMolton2004:
J.M.Brady, Xiao-Bo Pan, V. Schenk, M. Terras and N. Molton (2004), “Shadow stereo, image filtering and constraint propagation”, in A.K.Bowman, J.M.Brady (eds), Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World. London
BrandtSlofstra1983:
R.Brandt, J.Slofstra (ed. 1983), Roman and native in the Low Countries. British Archaeological Reports, Int.Ser. 184. Oxford
Breeze1969:
D.J.Breeze (1969), "The organisation of the legion: the First Cohort and the equites legionis", JRS 59: 50-5
Breeze1974:
D.J.Breeze (1974), "The organisation of the career structure of the immunes and principales of the Roman army", Bonner Jahrbücher 174: 245-92
Breeze1984:
D.J.Breeze (1984), "Demand and supply on the northern frontier", in Miket and Burgess (ed. 1984): 32-68
BreezeDobson1985:
D.J.Breeze, B.Dobson (1985), "Roman military deployment in north England", Britannia 16: 1-19
BreezeDobson1987:
D.J.Breeze, B.Dobson (1987), Hadrian's Wall. 3rd ed., London
BreezeDobson1993:
D.J.Breeze, B.Dobson (1993), Roman Officers and Frontiers, Mavors Roman Army Researches 10. Stuttgart
BreezeDobson2000:
D.J.Breeze, B.Dobson (2000), Hadrian's Wall. 4th ed., London
Bulow-JacobsenCuvignyFournet1994:
A.Bülow-Jacobsen, H.Cuvigny, J.-L.Fournet (1994), "The Identification of Myos Hormos," BIFAO 94: 27-42
BrisayEvans1975:
K.W. De Brisay, K.A.Evans (ed. 1975), Salt: the study of an ancient industry. Colchester
Bruce1875:
J.Collingwood Bruce (1875), Lapidarium septentrionale. Newcastle upon Tyne
Bruce1978:
J.Collingwood Bruce (1978), Handbook to the Roman Wall. 13th ed. by C.M.Daniels, Newcastle upon Tyne
Brunt1990:
P.A.Brunt (1990), Roman imperial themes. Oxford
BurnhamJohnson1979:
B.C.Burnham, H.B.Johnson (ed. 1979), Invasion and response: the case of Roman Britain. British Archaeological Reports, Brit.Ser.73. Oxford
BurnhamWacher1990:
B.C.Burnham, J.S.Wacher (1990), The "small towns" of Roman Britain. London
Butler1971:
R.M.Butler (ed. 1971), Soldier and civilian in Roman Yorkshire. Leicester
Cagnat1914:
R.Cagnat (1914), Cours d'épigraphie latine. 4th ed., Paris
Galboli1990:
G.Calboli (ed. 1990), Latin vulgaire - latin tardif II. Actes du IIème colloque international sur le latin vulgaire et tardif, Bologne 29 Août - 2 Septembre, 1988. Tübingen
Caruana1987:
I.D.Caruana (1987), "A wooden ansate panel from Carlisle", Britannia 18: 274-7
Caruana1992:
I.D.Caruana (1992), "Carlisle; excavation of a section of the annexe ditch of the first Flavian fort, 1990", Britannia 23: 45-109
CasamassimaStaraz1977:
E.Casamassima, E.Staraz (1977), "Varianti e cambio grafico nella scrittura dei papiri latini, note palaeografiche", Scrittura e Civiltà 1: 9-110
Casey1982:
P.J.Casey (1982), "Civilians and soldiers - friends, Romans, countrymen?" in Clack and Haselgrove (ed. 1982): 123-132
CastrenLilius1970:
P.Castrén, H.Lilius (1970), Graffiti del Palatino II, Domus Tiberiana. Helsinki
Cencetti1950:
G.Cencetti (1950), "Note paleografiche sulla scrittura dei papiri latini dal I al III secolo d.c.", Memorie dell'Accademia delle scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna. Classe di scienze morali V.1. [Published in 1951.]
Chapman1982:
H.Chapman (1982), “Roman vehicle construction in the north-west provinces”, in McGrail (ed. 1982): 187-97
Chavallier1976:
R.Chevallier (1976), Roman Roads. London
Choularia-Raios1989:
H.Choularia-Raïos (1989), L’abeille et le miel en Egypte d’après les papyrus grecs. Ioannina
Clack1982:
P.A.G.Clack (1982), "The northern frontier: farmers in the military zone", in Miles (ed. 1982): 377-402
ClackHaselgrove1982:
P.A.G.Clack, S.Haselgrove (ed. 1982), Rural settlement in the Roman north. Durham
ClarysseSijpeteijn1988:
W.Clarysse, P.J.Sijpesteijn (1988), "A military roster on a vase from Amsterdam", Ancient Society 19: 71-96
Cockle1979:
W.E.H.Cockle (1979), "A new Virgilian writing exercise from Oxyrhynchus", Scrittura e Civiltà 3: 55-75
Coleman1971:
R.G.G.Coleman (1971), "The monophthongization of /ae/ and the Vulgar Latin vowel system", TPhS 1971: 175-91
Coles1966:
R.A.Coles (1966), Reports of proceedings in papyri. Papyrologica Bruxellensia 4. Brussels
Coles1981:
R.A.Coles (1981), "A quadrilingual curiosity in the Bodleian Library in Oxford", Proceedings of the XVI International Congress of Papyrology: 193-7. American Studies in Papyrology 23. Chico
Connolly1987:
P.Connolly (1987), "The Roman saddle", in Dawson (ed. 1987): 7-27
CorkWildCookeLang-Lu1997:
C.R.Cork, J.P.Wild, W.D. Cooke, L.Fang-Lu (1997), "Analysis and evaluation of a group of early Roman textiles from Vindolanda, Northumberland", JAS 24, 1: 19-32
CottamPrice1998 :
S.Cottam, J.Price (1998), Romano-British glass vessels: a handbook. Practical Handbooks in Archaeology, 14. York
Corte1940:
M.Della Corte (1940), "Virgilio nell'epigrafia pompeiana", Epigraphica 2: 171-8
CostamagnaBaroniZagni1983:
G.Costamagna, M.F.Baroni, L.Zagni (1983), Notae Tironianae quae in lexicis et in chartis reperiuntur novo discrimine ordinatae. Fonti e studi del corpus Membranarum Italicarum, Ser.2, Fonti Medievali 10. Rome
Cotton1981:
H.M.Cotton (1981), Documentary letters of recommendation in Latin from the Roman Empire. Beiträge zur klassischen Philologie, 132. Königstein
Coulston1988:
J.C.Coulston (ed. 1988), Military equipment and the identity of Roman soldiers. Proceedings of the Fourth Roman Military Equipment Conference, British Archaeological Reports, Int.Ser. 394. Oxford
Cugusi1972:
P.Cugusi (1972-3), "Le piú antiche lettere papiracee latine", Atti della Accademia delle Scienze di Torino 107: 641-687
Cugusi1981:
P.Cugusi (1981), "Gli ostraca latini dello Wâdi Fawâkhir", in Letterature comparate, problemi e metodo, Studi in onore di E.Paratore II: 719-753. Bologna
Cugusi1983:
P.Cugusi (1983), Evoluzione e forme dell'epistolografia latina nella tarda repubblica e nei primi due secoli dell'impero. Rome
Cugusi1987:
P.Cugusi (1987), "Leggendo le tavolette latine di Vindolanda", RFIC 115: 113-121
Curtis1991:
R.I.Curtis (1991), Garum and salsamenta, production and commerce in materia medica. Studies in ancient medicine 3. Leiden
Daniels1989:
C.Daniels (1989), "The Flavian and Trajanic northern frontier", in Todd (ed. 1989): 31-5
DannellWild1987:
G.B.Dannell, J.-P.Wild (1987), Longthorpe II: the military works depot. Britannia Monograph 8. London
Davies1967:
R.W.Davies (1967), "Ratio and opinio in Roman military documents", Historia 16: 115-8
Davies1968:
R.W.Davies (1968), "A note on some Roman soldiers in quarries", CW n.s.68: 22-6
Davies1974a:
R.W.Davies (1974a), "A report of an attempted coup", Aegyptus 54: 179-196
Davies1974n:
R.W.Davies (1974b), "The daily life of the Roman soldier under the principate", ANRW II.1: 299-338
Davies1976:
R.W.Davies (1976), "Singulares and Roman Britain", Britannia 7: 134-44
Davies1989:
R.W.Davies (1989), Service in the Roman Army. Ed. D.J.Breeze, V.A.Maxfield. Edinburgh
Dawson1987:
M.Dawson (ed. 1987), Roman military equipment. The accoutrements of war. Proceedings of the Third Roman Military Equipment Research Seminar, British Archaeological Reports, Int.Ser. 336 (1987). Oxford
Devijver1989:
H.Devijver (1989-92), The equestrian officers of the Roman imperial army I-II. Amsterdam
DevijverHarrauerWorp1984:
H.Devijver, H. Harrauer, K.A.Worp (1984-5), "Eine lateinische Holztafel in Leiden", Oudheidkundige Mededelingen uit's Rijksmuseum van Oudheden te Leiden 65: 19-22
Dickson1989:
C.Dickson (1989), "The Roman diet in Britain and Germany", Archäobotanik. Dissertationes Botanicae 133: 135-54
Dionisotti1982:
A.C.Dionisotti (1982), "From Ausonius' schooldays", JRS 72: 83-125
DixonSouthern1992:
K.R.Dixon, P.Southern (1992), The Roman cavalry. London
Dobson1972:
B.Dobson (1972), "Legionary centurion or equestrian officer? A comparison of pay and prospects", Ancient Society 3: 193-207
DobsonMann1973:
B.Dobson, J.C.Mann (1973), "The Roman army in Britain and Britons in the Roman army", Britannia 4: 191-205
Domaszewski1967:
A.von Domaszewski (1967), Die Rangordnung des römischen Heeres. 2 ed. (B.Dobson). Cologne, Graz
Dow1968:
S.Dow (1968), "Latin calligraphy at Hawara: P.Hawara 24", JRS 58: 60-70
Driel-Murray1985:
C.van Driel-Murray (1985), "The production and supply of military leatherwork in the first and second centuries AD: a review of the archaeological evidence", in Bishop (ed. 1985): 43-81
Driel-Murray1987:
C.van Driel-Murray (1987), "Roman footwear: a mirror of fashion and society", Recent research in archaeological footwear. Association of Archaeological Illustrators and Surveyors, Technical Paper No.8: 32-42.
Driel-Murray1989a:
C.van Driel-Murray (ed. 1989), Roman military equipment. The sources of evidence. Proceedings of the Fifth Roman Military Equipment Conference, British Archaeological Reports, Int.Ser.476. Oxford
Driel-Murray1989b:
C.van Driel-Murray (1989), "The Vindolanda chamfrons and other miscellaneous items of leather horse gear", in van Driel Murray (ed. 1989): 281-318
Driel-Murray1993:
C.van Driel-Murray (1993), The Early Wooden Forts: preliminary reports on the leather, textiles, environmental evidence and dendrochronology, Vindolanda Research Reports III. Hexham
Driel-Murray1995:
C.van Driel Murray (1995), "Nailing Roman shoes", Archaeological Leather Group Newsletter 1: 6-7
Driel-Murray2001:
C.van Driel Murray (2001), "Vindolanda and the dating of Roman footwear", Britannia 32: 185-197
Dunbabin1935:
R.L.Dunbabin (1935), "Notes on Lewis and Short", CR 49: 9-12
DunbabinDickie1983:
K.M.C.Dunbabin, M.W.Dickie (1983), "Invida rumpantur pectora. The iconography of Phthonos/Invidia in Graeco-Roman art", Jahrbuch für Antike und Christentum 26: 7-37
Duncan-Jones1976:
R.P.Duncan-Jones (1976), "The Price of Wheat in Roman Egypt under the Principate", Chiron 6, 241-62.
Duncan-Jones1982:
R.P.Duncan-Jones (1982), The economy of the Roman empire; quantitative studies. 2nd ed., Cambridge
Esperandieu1922:
E.Esperandieu (1922), Recueil général des bas-reliefs, statues et bustes de la Gaule romaine IV (1922). Paris
Evans1967:
D.Ellis Evans (1967), Gaulish personal names. Oxford
Evans1983:
D.Ellis Evans (1983), "Language contact in pre-Roman and Roman Britain", ANRW II.29.2: 949-87
FerrisJones1991:
I.M.Ferris, R.F.J.Jones (1991), Binchester - a northern fort and vicus", in R.F.J. Jones (ed. 1991): 103-8
FinkHoeySnyder1940:
R.O.Fink, A.S.Hoey, W.F.Snyder (1940), "The Feriale Duranum", YCS 7: 1-222
FitzpatrickScott1999:
A.P.Fitzpatrick, P.R.Scott (1999), “The Roman bridge at Piercebridge, North Yorkshire – County Durham,” Britannia 30: 111-32
Flach1978:
D.Flach (1978), "Inschriftenuntersuchungen zum römischen Kolonat in Nordafrika", Chiron 8: 441-92
Flobert1990:
P.Flobert (1990), "Le témoignage épigraphique des apices et des I longae sur les quantités vocaliques en latin impérial", in G.Calboli (ed. 1990), 101-10
FoxhallForbes1982:
L.A.Foxhall, H.A.Forbes (1982), "___________: the role of grain as a staple food in classical antiquity", Chiron 12: 41-90
Franklin1985:
S.Franklin (1985), "Literacy and documentation in early medieval Russia", Speculum 60/1: 1-38
Freeman2002:
P.Freeman et al. (eds 2002), Proceedings of the Amman Roman Frontier Studies Congress, Limescongress XVIII, Amman, Jordan, 1-12th September 2000. British Archaeological Reports, Int. Ser. 1084. Oxford
Frei-StolbaSpeidel1995:
R.Frei-Stolba and M.A.Speidel (ed. 1995), Römische Inschriften: Neufunde, Neulesungen und Neuinterpretationen: Festschrift für Hans Lieb zum 65. Geburtstag dargebracht von seinen Freunden und Kollegen. Arbeiten zur römischen Epigraphik und Altertumskunde, Band 2. Basel
FrenchGreenaway1986:
R.French, F.Greenaway (ed. 1986), Science in the Early Roman Empire: Pliny the Elder, his sources and influence. London, Sydney
Frere1987:
S.S.Frere (1987), Britannia, a history of Roman Britain. 3rd ed., London
FrereJoseph1974:
S.S.Frere, J.K.St. Joseph (1974), "The Roman Fortress at Longthorpe", Britannia 5: 1-129
FrereWilkes1989:
S.S.Frere, J.J.Wilkes (1989), Strageath, excavations within the Roman fort 1973-86. Britannia Monograph 9. London
Frezouls1991:
E.Frézouls (1991), "Les noms de métier dans l’épigraphie de la Gaule et de la Germanie romaines", Ktema 116: 33-72
Fulford1984:
M.Fulford (1984), "Demonstrating Britannia's economic dependence in the first and second centuries", in Blagg and King (ed. 1984): 129-42
Fulford1991:
M.Fulford (1991), Britain and the Roman empire: the evidence for regional and long distance trade", in R.F.J.Jones (ed. 1991): 45-48
Gallazzi1982:
C.Gallazzi (1982), "P.Narm.inv.66.362: Vergilius, Eclogae VIII.53-62", ZPE 48: 75-8
Ganz1990:
D.Ganz (1990), "On the history of Tironian notes", in P.F.Ganz (ed. 1990): 35-51
Ganz1990:
P.F.Ganz (ed. 1990), Tironische Noten. Wiesbaden
Gilliam1986:
J.F.Gilliam (1986), Roman Army Papers. Amsterdam
GlasbergenGroenman1974:
W.Glasbergen, W.Groenman-van Waateringe (1974), The Pre-Flavian garrisons of Valkenburg Z.H. Amsterdam
Gluck1857:
C.W.Glück (1857), Die bei Caius Iulius Caesar vorkommenden keltischen Namen in ihrer Echtheit festgestellt und erläutert. Munich
GorgemannsSchmidt1976:
H.Görgemanns and E.A.Schmidt (ed. 1976), Studien zum antiken Epos. Beiträge zur klassichen Philologie 72. Meisenheim
Gordon1958:
A.E.Gordon (1958-65), Album of dated Latin inscriptions, I-IV. Berkeley
Adams1977:
A.E.Gordon and J.S.Gordon (1957), Contributions to the palaeography of Latin inscriptions, University of California Publications in Classical Archaeology 3.iii. Berkeley
Greene2000:
K.Greene (2000), “Industry and technology”, Cambridge Ancient History (New Edition, ed. A.K.Bowman, P.D.A.Garnsey, D.W.Rathbone), Vol.XI, Ch.25. Cambridge
Groenman-vanWaateringBeekWillemsWynia1997:
W.Groenman-van Waateringe, B.L.van Beek, W.J.H.Willems, S.L.Wynia (ed. 1997), Roman Frontier Studies 1995. Proceedings of the XVIth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies, Oxbow Monographs 91. Oxford
Grunewald2001:
T.Grünewald (ed. 2001), Germania Inferior. Besiedlung, Gesellschaft und Wirtschaft an der Grenze der römisch-germanischen Welt. Berlin
Habinek:
T.N.Habinek (1985), The colometry of Latin prose. University of California Classical Studies 25. Berkeley and Los Angeles
Hagedorn1979:
D.Hagedorn (1979), "Marci Aurelii in Agypten nach der Constitutio Antoniniana", BASP 16: 47-59
Hagedorn:
D.Hagedorn (1979), "Ein verkannter Vergilvers auf Papyrus", ZPE 34: 108
Hamilton-Dyer1997:
S.Hamilton-Dyer (1997), "The domestic fowl and other birds from the Roman site of Mons Claudianus, Egypt", International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 7(4): 326-29
Hanson1987:
W.S.Hanson (1987), Agricola and the conquest of the north. London
Haran1996:
M.Haran (1996), "Codex, pinax and writing slat", SCI XV (1996): 212-22 (= Studies in Memory of Abraham Wasserstein, Vol.I)
HartletWacher1983:
B.R.Hartley, J.S.Wacher (ed. 1983), Rome and her northern provinces. Gloucester
Harvey1985:
D.Harvey (1985), "Nugae Vindolandenses", Liverpool Classical Monthly 10.5 (1985): 69
Hassall1970:
M.Hassall (1970), "Batavians and the Roman conquest of Britain", Britannia 1: 131-6
Hassall1973:
M.Hassall (1973), "Roman soldiers in Roman London", in Strong (ed. 1973): 231-7
Hassall1978:
M.Hassall (1978), "Britain and the Rhine provinces: epigraphic evidence for Roman trade", in Taylor and Cleere (ed. 1978): 41-8
Hassall1983:
M.Hassall (1983), "The internal planning of Roman auxiliary forts", in Hartley and Wacher (ed. 1983): 96-131
HauptHorn1977:
D.Haupt, H.G.Horn (ed. 1977), Studien zur den Militärgrenzen Roms: Vorträge des 10. internationalen Limeskongresses in der Germania Inferior. Bonner Jahrbücher Beih. 38
Henig1975:
M.Henig (1975), Vindolanda jewellery. Newcastle upon Tyne
Henig1978:
M.Henig (1978), A Corpus of Engaved Gemstones from British Sites (2nd ed.), Btisih Archaeological Reports, British Series 8. Oxford
Henig1982:
M.Henig (1982), "Seasonal feasts in Roman Britain", OJA 1: 213-23
Henig1984:
M.Henig (1984), Religion in Roman Britain. London
Hingham1991:
N.J.Higham (1991), "Soldiers and settlement in northern England", in R.F.J.Jones (ed. 1991): 93-102
Higham2001:
N.J.Higham (ed. 2001) Archaeology of the Roman Empire. A tribute to the life and works of Professor Barri Jones.British Archaeological Reports, Int.Ser. 940. Oxford
Hilgers1969:
W.Hilgers (1969), Lateinische Gefässnamen. Bezeichnungen, Funktion und Form römischer Gefässe nach den antiken Schriftquellen, Bonner Jahrbücher Beihefte, 31. Düsseldorf
Hind1980:
J.G.F.Hind (1980), "The Romano-British Name for Corbridge", Britannia 11: 165-71
Hird1977:
L.Hird (1977), Vindolanda V: a report on the pottery found in the pre-Hadrianic levels at Vindolanda duriong the excavations of 1972-1975. Hexham
Hodgson1968:
G.Hodgson (1968), "A comparative account of the animal remains from Corstopitum and the Iron Age site of Catcote near Hartlepool, County Durham", Archaeologia Aeliana 46: 127-62
Hodgson1976:
G.W.I.Hodgson (1976), The animals of Vindolanda. Haltwhistle
Hodgson1977:
G.W.I.Hodgson (1977), Vindolanda II: the animal remains from excavations at Vindolanda 1970-75. Hexham
Hofmann1951:
J.B.Hofmann (1951), Lateinische Umgangssprache. 3rd ed., Heidelberg
HofmannSzantyr1965:
J.B.Hofmann, A.Szantyr (1965), Lateinische Syntax und Stilistik. Munich
Holder1980:
P.A.Holder (1980), Studies in the auxilia of the Roman army from Augustus to Trajan. British Archaeological Reports, Int.Ser. 70. Oxford
Holder1982:
P.A.Holder (1982), The Roman Army in Britain. London
Hoogma1959:
R.P.Hoogma (1959), Der Einfluss Vergils auf die Carmina latina epigraphica. Amsterdam
Horsfall1984:
N.M.Horsfall (1984), “Aspects of Virgilian influence in Roman Life,” Atti del Convegno mondiale scientifico di studi su Virgilio, Mantova-Roma-Napoli, 19-24 Settembre, 1981, II: 47-63. Cultura e Scuola 20. Rome
Howgego1992:
C.J.Howgego (1992), "The supply and use of money in the Roman world 200 BC - AD 300", JRS 82: 1-31
Hull1964:
D.B.Hull (1964), Hounds and hunting in ancient Greece, Chicago
Hultsch1964:
F.Hultsch (ed. 1864-6), Metrologicorum Scriptorum Reliquiae I-II. Leipzig
Humphrey1991:
J.H.Humphrey (ed. 1991), Literacy in the Roman world. JRA, Suppl.4. Ann Arbor
IliescuMarxgut1992:
M.Iliescu, W.Marxgut (ed. 1992), Latin vulgaire – latin tardif III. Actes di IIIème colloque international sur le latin vulgaire et tardif, Innsbruck, 2-5 Septembre, 1991. Tübingen
Isaac1992:
B.Isaac (1992), The limits of empire, the Roman army in the east. 2nd ed., Oxford
Jackson1988:
R.Jackson (1988), Doctors and Diseases in the Roman Empire. London
Jackson1990a:
R.Jackson (1990a), "Roman doctors and their instruments: recent research into ancient practice", JRA 3: 5-27
Jackson1990b:
R.Jackson (1990b), "A new collyrium stamp from Cambridge and a corrected reading of the stamp from Caistor-by-Norwich", Britannia 21: 275-83
Jarrett1994:
M.G.Jarrett (1994), "Non-legionary troops in Roman Britain. Part One, the units", Britannia 25: 33-77
Jones1984:
G.D.B.Jones (1984), "'Becoming different without knowing it'. The role and development of vici", in Blagg and King (ed. 1984): 75-91
Jones1990:
G.D.B.Jones (1990), "The emergence of the Tyne-Solway frontier", in Maxfield and Dobson (ed. 1990): 98-107
JonesMattingly1990:
G.D.B.Jones, D.J.Mattingly (1990), An atlas of Roman Britain. Oxford
Jones1991:
M.Jones (1991), "Food production and consumption - plants", in R.J.F.Jones (ed. 1991): 21-8
Jones1991:
R.J.F.Jones (ed. 1991), Britain in the Roman period: recent trends. Sheffield
KarlssonMaehler1977:
G.H.Karlsson, H.Maehler (1977), "Papyrusbriefe römisch-byzantinischer Zeit", ZPE 33: 279-94
Kennedy1977:
D.L.Kennedy (1977), "The ala I and cohors I Britannica", Britannia 8: 249-55
King1984:
A.C.King (1984), "Animal bones and the dietary identity of military and civilian groups in Roman Britain, Germany and Gaul", in Blagg and King (ed. 1984): 187-218
King1991:
A.C.King (1991), "Food production and consumption - meat", in R.F.J.Jones (ed. 1991): 15-20
KnightsDicksonDicksonBreeze1983:
B.A.Knights, C.A.Dickson, H.J.Dickson, D.J.Breeze (1983), "Evidence concerning the Roman military diet at Bearsden, Scotland, in the second century AD", JAS 10: 139-52
Kramer1991:
J.Kramer (1991) "Die Verwendung des Apex und P.Vindob. L 1 c", ZPE 88: 141-50.
KuhlerStegmann1955:
R.Kühner, C.Stegmann (1955), Ausführliche Grammatik der lateinischen Sprache: Satzlehre. 3rd ed. revised by A.Thierfelder. Leverkusen
Lalou1992:
E.Lalou (ed. 1992), Les tablettes à écrire de l'antiquité à l'époque moderne. Bibliologia 12. Turnhout
Lanham1975:
C.D.Lanham (1975), "Salutatio" Formulas in Latin letters to 1200, Syntax, Style and Theory. Münchener Beiträge zur Mediävistik und Renaissance-Forschung 22.
LepperFrere1988:
F.A.Lepper, S.S.Frere (1988), Trajan’s Column. London
Leumann1977:
M.Leumann (1977), Lateinische Laut- und Formenlehre. 6th ed., Munich
LeumannHofmannSzantyr1965:
M.Leumann, J.B.Hofmann, A.Szantyr (1965), Lateinische Syntax und Stylistik. Munich
Lewis1989:
N.Lewis (1989), The documents from the Bar Kokhba period in the Cave of Letters, Greek papyri. Jerusalem
Locher-Rottlander1985:
A.Locher, R.C.A.Rottländer (1985), "Überlegungen zur Entstehungsgeschichte der Naturalis Historia des älteren Plinius und die Schrifttäfelchen von Vindolanda", Lebendige Altertumswissenschaft. Festgabe zur Vollendung des 70. Lebensjahres von Hermann Vetters: 140-7. Vienna
Lodewijckx1995:
M.Lodewijckx (ed. 1995), Archaeology and History. Aspects of West European Societies. Album Amicorum André van Doorselaer, Acta Archaeologica Lovaniensia Monographiae 8. Louvain
LorinczRedo1994:
B.Lörincz, F.Redö (1994), Onomasticon Provinciarum Europae Latinarum Vol.I. Budapest
Lofstedt1911:
E.Löfstedt (1911), Philologischer Kommentar zur Peregrinatio Aetheriae. Uppsala
Lofstedt1933:
E.Löfstedt (1933-42), Syntactica. Studien und Beiträge zur historischen Syntax des Lateins I-II. Lund London in Roman times (1930). London Museum Catalogues, no. 3
Mackay1999:
C.S.Mackay (1999), "Expressions to indicate goal of motion in the colloquial Latin of the early empire", ZPE 126: 229-239
Mallon1952:
J.Mallon (1952), Paléographie romaine. Madrid
MallonMarichalPerrat1939:
J.Mallon, R.Marichal, C.Perrat (1939), L'écriture latine. Paris
Maltby1997:
M.Maltby (1997), "Domestic fowl on Romano-British sites - inter-site comparison of abundance", International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 7(4): 402-14
Mann1974:
J.C.Mann (1974), "The northern frontier after A.D.369", Glasgow Archaeological Journal 3: 34-52
Manning1996:
A.D.Manning (1996), "The effect of Roman occupation on vegetation in the north British frontier zone: a palynological study of ditch deposits at Vindolanda Roman fort, Northumberland", Geographical Journal 162.3: 352
ManningRBirleyTipping1997:
A.Manning, R.Birley, R.Tipping (1997), "Roman impact on the environment at Hadrian's Wall: precisely dated pollen analysis from Vindolanda, northern England", The Holocene 7: 175-86
Manzella1987:
I. Di Stefano Manzella (1987), Mestiere di epigrafista. Guida alla schedatura del materiale epigrafico lapideo. Rome
Marganne1981:
M.-H.Marganne (1981), Inventaire analytique des papyrus grecs de médecine. Geneva
Marganne1994:
M.-H.Marganne(1994), L’ophtalmologie dans l'Egypte gréco-romaine d’après les papyrus littéraires grecs (Studies in Ancient Medicine 8). Leiden
Marichal1979:
R.Marichal (1979), "Les ostraca de Bu Njem", Comptes-rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres 1979: 436-52.
Marichal1988:
R.Marichal (1988), Les graffites de La Graufesenque. Gallia, Suppl.47. Paris
Marichal1992:
R.Marichal (1992), "Les tablettes à écrire dans le monde romain", in Lalou (ed. 1992): 165-85
Marsden1969:
E.W.Marsden (1969), Greek and Roman Artillery, Historical Development. Oxford
MarvellOwen-John1997:
A.Marvell, H.S.Owen-John (1997), Leucarum: excavations at the Roman auxiliary fort at Loughor, West Glamorgan 1982-84 and 1987-88, Britannia Monograph Series 12. London
Mason1988:
D.J.P.Mason (1988). ‘Prata legionis in Britain’, Britannia 19: 163-90
Maxfield1981:
V.A.Maxfield (1981). The Military Decorations of the Roman army. Exeter
Maxfield1986:
V.A.Maxfield (1986), "Pre-Flavian forts and their garrisons", Britannia 17: 59-72
MaxfieldDobson1991:
V.A.Maxfield, M.J.Dobson (ed. 1991), Roman frontier studies 1989, Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies. Exeter
McDonnell1996:
M.McDonnell (1996), "Writing, copying and autograph manuscripts in ancient Rome", Classical Quarterly 46.2: 469-91
McGrail1982:
S.McGrail (ed. 1982) Woodworking techniques before 1500 (BAR Int.Ser.129)
McKeown1989:
J.C.McKeown (1989), Ovid: Amores, Text, Prolegomena and Commentary II . Leeds
McKitterick1990:
R.McKitterick (ed. 1990), The uses of literacy in early medieval Europe. Cambridge
Mentz1944:
A.Mentz (1944), Die tironischen Noten. Berlin
Meyer-Lubke1911:
W.Meyer-Lübke (1911), Romanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. Heidelberg
Middleton1979:
P.S.Middleton (1979), "Army supply in Roman Gaul: an hypothesis for Roman Britain", in Burnham and Johnson (ed. 1979): 81-97
MiketBurgess1984:
R.Miket, C.Burgess (ed. 1984), Between and beyond the Walls. Essays on the pre-history and history of north Britain in honour of George Jobey. Edinburgh
Miles1982:
D.Miles (ed. 1982), The Romano-British countryside. British Archaeological Reports, Brit.Ser. 103. Oxford
Millar1997:
F.Millar (1997), The Emperor in the Roman World (31 B.C.-A.D. 337). 2nd ed., London
Millett1990:
M.Millett (1990), The romanization of Britain. Cambridge
Milne1985:
G.Milne (1985), The port of Roman London. London
MilneSkeat1938:
H.J.M.Milne, T.C.Skeat (1938), Scribes and correctors of the Codex Sinaiticus. London
Milner1993:
N.P.Milner (1993), Vegetius: Epitome of military science. Liverpool
Mitchell1976:
S.Mitchell (1976), "Requisitioned transport in the Roman empire", JRS 66: 106-31
Moritz1958:
L.A.Moritz (1958), Grain mills and flour in Classical Antiquity. Oxford
Mocsy1983:
A.Mócsy (1983), "The civilized Pannonians of Velleius", in Hartley and Wacher (ed. 1983): 169-78
Muller1964:
R.W.Müller (1964), Rhetorische und syntaktische Interpunktion. Diss. Tübingen
Nash-Williams1950:
V.E.Nash-Williams (1950), Early Christian monuments of Wales. Cardiff
Nelis-Clement2000:
J.Nelis-Clément (2000), Les beneficiarii: militaires et administrateurs au service de l’Empire. Bordeaux
NeueWagener1892:
F.Neue, C.Wagener (1892-1905), Formenlehre der lateinischen Sprache. 3rd ed., Berlin
Nicolet1970:
C.Nicolet (1970), Recherches sur les structures sociales dans l'antiquité classique. Paris
Nielsen1974:
H.Nielsen (1974), Ancient ophthalmological agents. Acta Historica Scientiarum Naturalium et Medicinalium 31. Odense
Nowen1995:
R.Nowen (1995), "The Vindolanda tablet 88/84a and the cohors I Tungrorum", in Lodewijckx (ed. 1995): 123-34
Nutton1969:
V.Nutton (1969), "Medicine and the Roman army: a further reconsideration", Med.Hist. 13: 260-70
OliverShelton1979:
A.Oliver, J.Shelton (1979), "Silver on papyrus", Archaeology 32: 22-8
Opsomer1989:
C.Opsomer (1989), Index de la pharmacopée du Ier au Xe siècle. Hildesheim, Zürich, New York
Pack1965:
R.A.Pack (1965), The Greek and Latin literary texts from Greco-Roman Egypt. 2nd ed., Ann Arbor
Parkes1991:
M.B.Parkes (1991), Scribes, scripts and readers. London
Parkes1992:
M.B.Parkes (1992), Pause and effect. Aldershot
Peachin1999:
M.Peachin (1999), "Five Vindolanda tablets, soldiers and the law", Tyche 14: 223-35
Peacock1992:
D.P.S.Peacock (1992), Rome in the desert: a symbol of power. Southampton
Pearce2002:
R.J.H.Pearce (2002), "Diet and dining at Vindolanda", in P.Freeman et al. (ed.) (forthcoming)
Petermann1992:
H.Petersmann (1992), "Zu den neuen vulgärlateinischen Sprachdenkmälern aus dem römischen Britannien. Die Täfelchen von Vindolanda", in Iliescu and Marxgut (ed. 1992): 283-91
Petrucci1962:
A.Petrucci (1962, 1963-4), "Per la storia della scrittura romana: i graffiti di Condatomagos", Bulletino dell'Archivio palaeografico italiano, Ser.3.1: 85-132; 3.2-3: 55-72
Piggott1965:
S.Piggott (1965), Ancient Europe from the beginnings of agriculture to classical antiquity. Edinburgh
PintaudiSijpesteijn1989:
R.Pintaudi, P.J.Sijpesteijn (1989), Tavolette lignee e cerate da varie collezioni. Papyrologica Florentina XVIII. Florence
RaepsaetRommelaere1995:
G.Raepsaet, C.Rommelaere (ed. 1995), Brancards et transport attelé entre Seine et Rhin de l’antiquité au moyen âge: aspects archéologiques, économiques et techniques. Treignes
Raepsaet1995:
G.Raepsaet (1995), "Attelage à brancards de l’époque romaine entre Seine et Rhin", in Raepsaet and Rommelaere (ed. 1995): 45-56
Pankov1986:
N.B.Rankov (1986), The beneficiarii consularis in the western provinces. D.Phil. thesis, Oxford
Rankov1987:
N.B.Rankov (1987), "M.Oclatinius Adventus in Britain", Britannia 18: 243-9
Ransom1905:
C.L.Ransom (1905), Couches and beds of the Greeks, Etruscans and Romans. Chicago
Rea1988:
J.R.Rea (1988), "On the Greek Calends", Proceedings of the XVIII International Congress of Papyrology II: 203-8. Athens
RebuffatMarichal1973:
R.Rebuffat, R.Marichal (1973), "Les ostraca de Bu Njem", Revue des études latines 51: 281-286.
Richmond1943:
I.A.Richmond (1943), “Roman legionaries at Corbridge, their supply base, temples and religious cults”, AA4 21: 127-224
Richmond1953:
I.A.Richmond (1953), "Three Roman writing-tablets from London", AJ 33: 206-208.
Richter1966:
G.M.A.Richter (1966), The furniture of the Greeks, Etruscans and Romans. London
Rickman1971:
G.E.Rickman (1971), Roman granaries and store buildings. Cambridge
RittwegerWolfflin1892:
K.Rittweger, E.Wölfflin (1892), "Was heisst 'das Pferd?'", ALL 7: 313-31
Rivet1979:
A.L.F.Rivet (1979), “A note on scythed chariots”, Antiquity 53: 130-2
Robinson1975:
H.R.Robinson (1975), The armour of imperial Rome. London
Rosenfeld1965:
A.Rosenfeld (1965), The inorganic raw materials of antiquity. London
Roxan1990:
M.M.Roxan (1990), "Women on the frontiers", in Maxfield and Dobson (ed. 1990): 462-7
Roymans1990:
N.Roymans (1990), Tribal societies in northern Gaul, an anthropological perspective. Amsterdam
Saint-Denis1947:
E.Saint-Denis (1947), Le vocabulaire des animaux marins en latin classique. Paris
Sallares1991:
R.Sallares (1991), The ecology of the ancient Greek world. London
Sander1963:
E.Sander (1963), "Die Kleidung des römischen Soldaten", Historia 12: 144-66
Scarborough1986:
J.Scarborough (1986), "Pharmacy in Pliny’s Natural History: some observations on substances and sources", in French and Greenaway (ed. 1986): 59-85
SchallmayerEiblOttPreussWittkopf1990:
E.Schallmayer, K.Eibl, J.Ott, G.Preuss, E.Wittkopf (1990), Der römische Weihebezirk von Osterburken I: Corpus der griechischen und lateinischen Beneficiarier-Inschriften des römischen Reiches. Stuttgart
Schmitz1893:
W.Schmitz (1893), Commentarii notarum Tironianarum cum prolegomenis adnotationibus criticis et exegeticis notarumque indice alphabetico. Leipzig
Schwinden1985:
L.Schwinden (1985), "Römerzeitliche Bleietiketten aus Trier", TZ 48: 121-37
Seider1976:
R.Seider (1976), "Beiträge zur Geschichte und Paläographie der antiken Vergil-handschriften", in Görgemanns and Schmidt (ed. 1976): 129-72
Seider1983:
R.Seider (1983), "Beiträge zur Paläographie der altesten lateinischen Papyri der Sammlung Erzherzog Rainer der Österrreichischen Nationalbibliothek", Papyrus Erzherzog Rainer. Festschrift zum 100-jährigen Bestehen der Payrussammlung der Österrreichischen Nationalbibliothek: 135-44. Vienna
Shelton1977:
J.C.Shelton (1977), "Short notes on documentary texts", ZPE 24: 69-73
SijpesteijnWorp1977:
P.J.Sijpesteijn, K.A.Worp (1977), "A Latin papyrus from the Vienna collection", ZPE 24: 91-4
Sims1997:
D.Sims (1997), "Experiments to produce Roman styli by forging and machining", Antiquity 71 (274): 1011-115
Smeesters1977:
J.Smeesters (1977), "Les Tungri dans l'armée romaine, état actuel des nos connaissances", in Haupt and Horn (ed. 1977): 175-86
Smith1972:
R.E.Smith (1972), “The army reforms of Septimius Severus”, Historia 21: 479-500
Southern1989:
P.Southern (1989), "The numeri of the Roman imperial army", Britannia 20: 81-140
Spaul1994:
J.E.H.Spaul (1994), Ala: the auxiliary cavalry units of the pre-Diocletianic Imperial Roman army. Andover
Spawforth1994:
A. Spawforth (1994), "New Vindolanda writing tablets reveal Roman army life", Minerva 5(3): 4
Speidel1965:
M.P.Speidel (1965), Dei Equites Singulares Augusti. Begleittruppe der römischen Kaiser des 2. un 3. Jahrhunderts. Bonn
Speidel1987:
M.A.Speidel (1987), "Neue Inschriften auf Schreibtäfelchen aus dem Schutthügel des Legionslagers Vindonissa", Jahresbericht der Gesellschaft pro Vindonissa 1986: 49-64
Speidel1991:
M.A.Speidel (1991), "Entlassungsurkunden des römischen Heeres", Jahresbericht der Gesellschaft pro Vindonissa 1990: 59-65
Speidel1992:
M.A.Speidel (1992), "Roman army pay scales", JRS 82: 87-106
Speidel1970:
M.P.Speidel (1970), "The captor of Decebalus", JRS 60: 142-53
Speidel1978:
M.P.Speidel (1978), Guards of the Roman armies. Antiquitas, Reihe 1.28. Bonn
Speidel1984:
M.P.Speidel (1984-1992), Roman army studies I-II. Amsterdam
Speidel1985:
M.P.Speidel (1985), "Furlough in the Roman army" YCS 28: 283-293.
Speidel1989:
M.P.Speidel (1989), "The soldiers' servants", Ancient Society 20: 239-47
SpeidelSeider1988:
M.P.Speidel, R.Seider (1988), "A Latin papyrus with a recruit's request for service in the auxiliary cohorts", JEA 74: 242-244.
Speidel1995:
M.A.Speidel (1995), "Ferox: legionary commander or governor? A note on Tab. Vindol. II. 154", in Frei-Stolba and Speidel (ed. 1995): 43-54
StanfieldSimpson1958:
J.A.Stanfield, G.Simpson (1958), Central Gaulish potters. London
Stead1965:
I.Stead (1965), "The Celtic chariot", Antiquity 39: 259-65
Stevenson1990:
J.Stevenson (1990), "Literacy in Ireland: the evidence of the Patrick dossier in the Book of Armagh", in McKitterick (ed. 1990): 11-35
Strobel1987:
K.Strobel (1987), "Anmerkungen zur Geschichte der Bataverkohorten in der hohen Kaiserzeit", ZPE 70: 271-92
Strobel1991:
K.Strobel (1991), "Handwerk im Heer - Handwerk im zivilen Sektor: neue Zeugnisse zu Berufsbezeichnungen und zur Verknüpfung zweier sozialer und wirtschaftlicher Sektoren mit einem Anhang zum neuen Pridianum aus Vindolanda", Ktema 16: 19-32
Strong1966:
D.E.Strong (1966), Greek and Roman gold and silver plate. London
Strong1973:
D.E.Strong (ed. 1973), Archaeological theory and practice. London
StylowOlive1987:
A.U.Stylow, M.Mayer Olivé (1987), "Lectura y comentarios literario y paleografico", in Blanco (1987): 191-235
Svennung1953:
J.Svennung (1958), Anredenformen, vergleichende Forschungen zur indirekten Anrede in der dritten Person und zum Nominativ für den Vokativ. Lund
Taylor1983:
G.W.Taylor (1983), "Detection and identification of dyes in pre-Hadrianic textiles from Vindolanda", Textile History 14(2): 115-24
TaylorCleere1978:
J. du P.Taylor, H.Cleere (ed. 1978), Roman shipping and trade: Britain and the Rhine provinces, CBA Research Report 24. London
Teitler1985:
J.C.Teitler (1985), Notarii and exceptores. Amsterdam
Thomas1976:
J.A.C.Thomas (1976), Textbook of Roman law. Amsterdam
Thomas1976:
J.D.Thomas (1976), "New light on early Latin writing: the Vindolanda tablets", Scriptorium 30: 38-43
Thomas1992:
J.D.Thomas (1992), "The Latin writing-tablets from Vindolanda in north Britain", in Lalou (ed. 1992): 203-9
Thomas2000:
J.D.Thomas (2000), Review of M.A.Speidel (1996), Latomus 59: 922-4
ThomasDavies1977:
J.D.Thomas, R.W.Davies (1977), "A new military strength report on papyrus", JRS 67: 50-61
Tjader1954:
J.-O.Tjäder (1954-82), Die nichtliterarischen lateinischen Papyri Italiens aus der Zeit 445-700. Skrifter utg. av Svenska Institutet i Rom 4°, 19. Lund
Tjader1977:
J.-O.Tjäder (1977), "Latin Palaeography, 1975-7", Eranos 75: 131-61
Tjader1979:
J.-O.Tjäder (1979), "Considerazioni e proposte sulla scrittura latina nell"età romana", Palaeographica, diplomatica, et archivistica: studi in onore di Giulio Battelli: 31-60. Rome
Tjader1986:
J.-O.Tjäder (1986), review of Tab.Vindol.I, Scriptorium 50: 297-301
Todd1985:
M.Todd (1985), "Oppida and the Roman army. A review of recent evidence", OJA 4.2: 187-99
Todd1989:
M.Todd (ed. 1989), Research on Roman Britain 1960-89. Britannia, Monograph 11. London
Tomlin1986:
R.S.O.Tomlin (1986), "Roman Britain in 1985", Britannia 17: 450-2
Tomlin1991:
R.S.O.Tomlin (1991), "Roman Britain in 1990 II: Inscriptions", Britannia 22: 293-311
Tomlin1992:
R.S.O.Tomlin (1992), "The Twentieth Legion at Wroxeter and Carlisle in the first century: the epigraphic evidence", Britannia 23: 141-58
Tomlin1996a:
R.S.O.Tomlin (1996a), "The Vindolanda tablets (review of Bowman and Thomas 1994; Bowman 1994; Birley et al. 1994)", Britannia, 27: 459-63
Tomlin1996b:
R.S.O.Tomlin (1996b), "Review of Bowman 1994; Bowman and Thomas 1994", JRS 86: 227-28
Tomlin1998:
R.S.O.Tomlin (1998), "Roman manuscripts from Carlisle: the ink-written tablets", Britannia 29: 31-84
Tomlin2003:
R.S.O.Tomlin (2003), “‘The girl in question’: a new text from Roman London”, Britannia 34: 41-51
Trowbridge1930:
M.L.Trowbridge (1930), Philological Studies in Ancient Glass. Urbana
Toynbee1973:
J.M.C.Toynbee (1973), Animals in Roman life and art. London
Trow1990:
S.D.Trow (1990), "By the northern shores of Ocean: some observations on acculturation process at the edge of the Roman world", in Blagg and Millett (ed. 1990): 103-18
Turner1950:
E.G.Turner (1950), "Papyrus 40 della raccolta Milanese", JRS 40: 57-9
Turner1956:
E.G.Turner (1956), "A Roman writing-tablet from Somerset", JRS 46: 115-8
Turner1957:
E.G.Turner (1957), "Half a line of Virgil from Egypt", Studi in onore di A.Calderini e R.Paribeni II: 157-61. Milan
Turner1978:
E.G.Turner (1978), The terms Recto and Verso, the anatomy of the papyrus roll, in Bingen and Nachtergael (ed. 1978): 1e partie
Turner1987:
E.G.Turner (1987), Greek manuscripts of the ancient world. 2nd ed., revised by P.J.Parsons. London
TurnerSkutsch1960:
E.G.Turner, O.Skutsch (1960), "A Roman writing-tablet from London", JRS 50: 108-11
Vaananen1966:
V.Väänänen (1966), Le latin vulgaire des inscriptions pompéiennes. Berlin
Vendrand-Voyer1983:
J.Vendrand-Voyer (1983), Normes civiques et métier militaire à Rome sous le principat. Clermont-Ferrand
Watson1969:
G.R.Watson (1969), The Roman soldier. London
Watson1974:
G.R.Watson (1974), "Documentation in the Roman army", ANRW II.1: 493-507
Watson1985:
A.Watson (ed. 1985), The Digest of Justinian. English Translation. Philadelphia
Weaver1972:
P.R.C.Weaver (1972), Familia Caesaris. A Social Study of the Emperor’s Freedmen and Slaves. Cambridge
Weisgerber1968:
J.L.Weisgerber (1968), Die Namen der Ubier. Cologne/Opladen
Weisgerber1969:
J.L.Weisgerber (1969), Rhenania Germano-celtica. Bonn
White1978:
L.White (1978), Medieval Religion and Technology. Collected Essays. Berkeley
Whittaker1989:
C.R.Whittaker (1989), Les frontières de l’empire romain. Paris
Whittaker1995:
C.R.Whittaker (1995), "The recently discovered letters of a Roman garrison at Vindolanda in the north of England", Histoire 194: 12-14
Wierschowski1974:
L.Wierschowski (1974), Heer und Wirtschaft, das römische Heer als Wirtschaftfaktor. Bonn
Wild1968:
J.-P.Wild (1968), “Clothing in the north-west provinces of the Roman empire”, BJ 168: 166-240
Wild1977:
J.-P.Wild (1977), Vindolanda III: the textiles from Vindolanda, 1973-1975. Hexham
Wild1985:
J.-P.Wild (1985), "The clothing of Britannia, Gallia Belgica and Germania Inferior", ANRW II.12.3: 362-422
Wild2002:
J.-P.Wild (2002), "The Textile Industries of Roman Britain", Britania 33; 1-42
WildCorkCookeFang-Lu1996:
J.-P.Wild, C.R.Cork, W.D.Cooke, L. Fang-Lu (1996), "The Results of the Leverhulme Vindolanda Project", NESAT VI 1996. Gothenburg
Wingo1972:
E.O.Wingo (1972), Latin punctuation in the classical age. The Hague
WolfCrook1989:
J.G.Wolf, J.A.Crook (1989), Rechtsurkunden in Vulgärlatein aus den Jahren 37-39 n.Chr. Abhandlungen der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-historische Klasse 1989.3
Wouters1988:
A. Wouters (1988), The Chester Beatty codex AC 1499: a Graeco-Latin lexicon on the Pauline epistles and a Greek grammar. Leuven
Pan:
Xiao-Bo Pan et al. (forthcoming), “Enhancement and Feature Extraction for Images of Incised and Ink Texts”, Image and Vision Computing
Youtie1973:
H.C.Youtie (1973), "_______ in the Greek papyri and its significance for Plato, Epistle 13 (360a-b)", Scriptiunculae II, 963-75. Amsterdam
Youtie1983:
L.C.Youtie (1983), "Mitt. Papyr. Erz. Rain. N.S. XIII, no. 4", ZPE 50: 56-58
Youtie1996:
L.C.Youtie (1996), P.Michigan XVII. The Michigan Medical Codex (P.Mich.758 = P.Mich.inv.21 (American Studies in Papyrology, 35). Atlanta
(Go to bibliography)

Standard abbreviations for periodicals which are used in this book may be found in L'année philologique. Abbreviations for editions of papyri are listed in E.G.Turner, Greek papyri, an introduction (2nd ed., Oxford, 1979) and J.F.Oates et al., Checklist of editions of Greek papyri and ostraca (Web edition, 2002, http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/papyrus/texts/clist.html).
AE:
L’année épigraphique
AJ:
F.F.Abbott, A.C.Johnson, Municipal administration in the Roman empire. Princeton, 1926
ANRW:
H.Temporini, W.Haase (ed.), Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt. Berlin, 1972-
AS:
A.Holder, Altceltischer Sprachschatz. Leipzig, 1896-1913
BL:
F.Preisigke et al., Berichtigungsliste der griechischen Papyrusurkunden aus Ägypten. Berlin/Leipzig and Leiden, 1913-
CEL:
P.Cugusi, Corpus epistularum latinarum papyris, tabulis, ostracis seruatarum, Florence, 1992-
CIL:
T.Mommsen et al., Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. Berlin, 1863-
CIR:
G.Brambach (ed.), Corpus Inscriptionum Rhenanarum. Ebenfeld, 1867
CGL:
G.Goetz, Corpus glossariorum latinorum. Amsterdam, 1965
ChLA:
A.Bruckner, R.Marichal, Chartae latinae antiquiores. Olten/Lausanne, 1954-
CJ:
P.Krüger, Codex Iustinianus. Berlin, 1877
CLA:
E.A.Lowe, Codices latini antiquiores. Oxford, 1934-66
CPE:
H.-G.Pflaum, Les carrières procuratoriennes équestres sous le haut- empire romain. Paris, 1960/1 (Suppl. 1982)
CPL:
R.Cavenaile, Corpus papyrorum latinarum. Wiesbaden, 1958
DML:
R.E.Latham, D.R.Howlett (ed.), Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources. London, 1975-
Doc.Masada:
H.M.Cotton, J.Geiger, Masada II, The Yigael Yadin excavations 1963-1965, Final reports, The Latin and Greek documents. Jerusalem, 1989
Ed.Diocl.:
S.Lauffer, Diokletians Preisedikt. Berlin, 1971
EJ2:
V.Ehrenberg, A.H.M.Jones, Documents illustrating the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius. 2nd ed., Oxford, 1976
GLL:
A. Souter, Glossary of Later Latin. Oxford, 1949
IGRR:
R.Cagnat, Inscriptiones Graecae ad Res Romanas Pertinentes. Paris, 101-27
ILS:
H.Dessau, Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae. Berlin, 1892-1916
LAN:
H.Reichert, Lexicon der altgermanischen Namen. Vienna, 1987-90
LC:
I.Kajanto, The Latin Cognomina. Helsinki, 1965
LE:
W.Schulze, Zur Geschichte lateinischer Eigennamen. Berlin, 1904
LS:
C.T.Lewis, C.Short, A Latin dictionary. Oxford, 1879
LSJ:
H.G.Liddell, R.Scott, H.S.Jones, Greek-English lexicon. 9th ed., Oxford, 1940
LVL:
O.Gradenwitz, Laterculi uocum latinarum. Leipzig, 1904
MW:
M.McCrum, A.G.Woodhead, Select Documents of the Principates of the Flavian Emperors. Cambridge, 1961
NPEL:
A.Mócsy, Nomenclator prouinciarum Europae latinarum et Galliae Cisalpinae. Dissertationes Pannonicae III.1. Budapest, 1983
O.Bu Njem:
R.Marichal, Les ostraca de Bu Njem. Libya Antiqua, Suppl.9. Tripoli, 1992
O.Claud.:
J.Bingen et al., Mons Claudianus, ostraca graeca et latina, I-III. IFAO, Documents de fouilles 29, 32, 38. Cairo, 1992-2000
O.Flor.:
R.S.Bagnall, The Florida ostraca: documents from the Roman army in Upper Egypt, Greek, Roman and Byzantine Monographs 7. Durham, N.C., 1976
OLD:
P.Glare (ed.), Oxford Latin Dictionary. Oxford, 1968-82
O.Wâdi Fawâkhir:
O.Guéraud, "Ostraca grecs et latins de l'Wâdi Fawâkhir", Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 49 (1942), 141-96
P.Diog.:
P.Schubert, Les archives de Marcus Aurelius Diogenes et textes apparentés. Bonn, 1990
P.Dura:
C.B.Welles, R.O.Fink, J.F.Gilliam, The excavations at Dura-Europus, Final Report V, Part I: the parchments and papyri. New Haven, 1959
PGP:
R.Seider, Paläographie der griechischen Papyri I-III. Stuttgart, 1967-90
PL:
J.-P.Migne, Patrologia Latina. Paris, 1853
PME:
H.Devijver, Prosopographia militiarum equestrium quae fuerunt ab Augusto ad Gallienum. Leuven, 1976-87
PNRB:
A.L.F.Rivet, C.Smith, The place-names of Roman Britain. London, 1979
P.Qasr Ibrim:
M.E.Weinstein, E.G.Turner, Greek and Latin papyri from Qasr Ibrim JEA 62, (1976), 115-30
RE:
A.F.Pauly, G.Wissowa, Real-Encyclopädie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft. Stuttgart, 1894-
RIB:
R.G.Collingwood, R.P.Wright, The Roman inscriptions of Britain. Oxford, 1965-
RMD I:
M.M.Roxan, Roman military diplomas 1954-77. University of London, Institute of Archaeology, Occasional Publication no.2, 1978
RMD II:
M.M.Roxan, Roman military diplomas 1977-84. University of London, Institute of Archaeology, Occasional Publication no.9, 1985
RMLW:
R.E.Latham, Revised medieval Latin word-list from British and Irish sources. Oxford, 1965
RMR:
R.O.Fink, Roman military records on papyrus. Cleveland, 1971
RNGCL:
H.Solin, O.Salomies, Repertorium nominum gentilium et cognominum latinorum. Hildesheim, 1988
Tab.Luguval.:
R.S.O.Tomlin, ‘Roman manuscripts from Carlisle: the ink-written tablets’, Britannia, 29 (1998), 31-84
Tab.Sulis:
R.S.O.Tomlin, "The curse tablets", in B.Cunliffe (ed.), The temple of Sulis Minerva at Bath, Volume 2. The finds from the sacred spring. Oxford University Committee for Archaeology, Monograph 16, 1988, 4-277
Tab.Vindol.I:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas, Vindolanda: the Latin writing- tablets, Britannia Monograph 4. London, 1983
Tab.Vindol.II:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas, The Vindolanda Writing-Tablets (Tabulae Vindolandenses II). London, 1994
Tab.Vindol.III:
A.K.Bowman, J.D.Thomas, The Vindolanda Writing Tablets (Tabulae Vindolandenses III). London: British Museum Publications, 2003
Tab.Vindon.:
M.A.Speidel, Die römischen Schreibtafeln von Vindonissa (Veröffentlichungen der Gesellschaft pro Vindonissa XII). Brugg, 1996
TLL:
Thesaurus linguae latinae. Leipzig, 1900-
VRR I:
R.E.Birley Vindolanda Research Reports, New Series, Vol.I, The early wooden forts. Introduction and analysis of the structures. Hexham, 1994
VRR II:
E.Birley, R.E.Birley, A.R.Birley, Vindolanda Research Reports, New Series, Vol.II, Reports on the auxiliaries, the writing tablets, inscriptions, brands and graffiti. Hexham, 1993
VRR III:
C. van Driel-Murray et al., Vindolanda Research Reports, New Series, Vol.III, Preliminary Reports on the leather, textiles, environmental evidence and dendrochronology. Hexham, 1993
(Go to top)

(Go to top)