Tablet 349

description 71 x 26 mm.
A fragment of the right-hand portion of a diptych containing seven lines of a letter. There are further traces at the left of two lines written in the margin at a right-angle to the main text and perhaps also of the ends of two lines of the left-hand column. There are remains of an address on the back. The name of the addressee does not survive but the sender of the letter has the cognomen Fatalis. He may be the same person as the Fatalis mentioned in 343.ii.22 in the context of a financial transaction. A.R.Birley (1991b), 93 suggested that that person might be Claudius Fatalis, who is known to have served three terms as a centurion in British legions; the hypothesis might equally be applied to the Fatalis of 349 but the traces of the antepenultimate letter of the gentilicium do not favour d (see note to the back). The content is obscure but Fatalis may be promising to be somewhere on the Nones of a month and asking the recipient to explain something to him and to a certain Severus.


. . . . . . . .
di propiti ṣuṇṭ . [ n
futurụs Nonis . [ n
uelim mihị ... [ n
5 ria explices .... [ n
Seuero expḷịca salụṭ [ n
L. Margin:
] . ḅ. ṣ · uale n
]ẹ n
. . . . . . . .
] . io Fatạḷe n


'... if the gods are propitious ... I (?) will be ... on the Nones of ... Please explain to me ... explain to Severus ... Greet your (?) messmates ... Farewell, dearest brother (?). (Back) ... from ...ius Fatalis. '


ii.2. di propiti ṣuṇṭ: there is no doubt about the reading of the first two words (cf. 466) and they must be part of a standard expression of optimism; given that propitius is often used of the gods (cf. OLD, s.v.) it would be perverse to understand di as anything other than the contracted form of dei. What follows is less certain. The first two letters look like fu but what follows seems clearly to be n and after that t is possible; it may be that the apparent cross-bar of f is illusory.

ii.3. Nonis: there is a very faint trace following which might be the beginning of a month-name (probably omitted in 236.3, however) but no reading could be regarded as more than very speculative. We have no way of calculating the number of letters likely to be lost at the right. The sender may be saying something like Vindolandae, si di propiti sunt, (ego) sum futurus Nonis [ month-name] .

ii.4. uelim: see OLD, s.v.10. The traces at the end of the line are too exiguous to enable us to attempt a reading.

ii.5. explices: for the uses of this verb in the Vindolanda texts see 343.i.4, 316.margin 1, 301.i.and notes ad locc. The financial usage is well-attested but here it is perhaps safest to take it in its common meaning "explain". The traces at the end of the line are very faint; f̣ṛạṭ[er may be possible.

ii.6. Seuero: there are two other people with this name in the Vindolanda texts, Vettius Severus, the recipient of a letter and perhaps a prefect (305.back), and the writer of 301 who was a slave. Neither seems likely to be identical with the person here mentioned. expḷịca: the reading of l is difficult; we would need to ignore apparent ink at the foot of l and assume that the mark at the top right of i is not ink. salụṭ[: if this is correct we suggest restoring something like salụṭ[a (a me) con-/tubẹrṇạ[les tuos/meos.

Margin.1. The first traces appear to be ].ḅạs but ]ạḅịs (salut]ạḅịs(?)) is perhaps not impossible. For the abbreviation of uale see also 312.ii.12, 343.iv.45, 505.

Margin.2. Perhaps frater karissim]ẹ.

Back.1. This is written on an upward slant and must be the name of the sender. For Fatalis see the introduction. The trace of the first surviving letter looks most like l, which would rule out Fla]ụio, and would be very hard to reconcile with Clau]ḍio. Of the common gentilicia, Iu]ḷio is easier to read. Note the remark of Tomlin (1992), 151 that in Britain this gentilicium is almost always held by legionary centurions or rankers.

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