Tablet 598

description

Inv.no.93.1477a. (a) 30 x 93 mm. (b) 35 x 93 mm. (c) 35 x 92 mm. (d) 20 x 49 mm. (e) 33 x 29 mm. (f) 18 x 34 mm. (g-o) small scraps.
Archaeological data. Location: SG (bonfire site). Period: 3.
Under this inventory number there are three substantial leaves, complete at the top and bottom and possibly the right margin, and incomplete at the left margin; there are also three smaller fragments of an account or accounts, as well as nine small scraps with traces of writing on one side only. The text is written across the grain and parallel to the short side of the leaf. These tablets were part of the agglomeration in the bonfire site (see Introduction, above, p.12) and it is noteworthy that the vertical dimension of the large leaves is almost identical to those in 581 and close to those of 583-5. All these accounts may have been compiled by the same person or in the same "department" of the Cerialis household. Fragments (a) and (c) have writing on one side only and (b) has writing on both sides. It is impossible to establish the order of the leaves with any certainty. The first line of (c) is a heading or sub-heading and the same may also be true of the first line of (a), cf. a.1 note. On the basis of the pattern of the fractures and the missing pieces, it is possible to reassemble the three leaves in a concertina format, like that of 581, and this would give us a blank face at the beginning and at the end of the sequence. It would not, however, take any account of the fragments (d), (e) and (f) or of the scraps (g-o). We present the text of the three main leaves in this order but stress that it should be regarded as extremely uncertain.
The content of the text is very fragmentary. In so far as it survives, it concerns couinni pensiles and possibly related items of equipment (see 597, introd.). The hand is unremarkable. There may be some use of apices and probably all instances of n = n(umero) have a superscript bar.

edition

a:
] p(raefectus) c n
] n(umero) ii
] ṣ n(umero) ii
] n(umero) ịị
5 ] c̣onsumptum n
]um . n
] n(umero) i
] . u . p(ondo) lxxx n
traces of 2 lines (?)
10 ] ad cap̣istra
] .. cọm..g̣.m n
] .. ṛụm n
] . iii
b:
] traces
] ..
] .. n(umero) iịi
] traces
5 ] .. ịc̣um
] traces n(umero) iị
] n(umero) ii
] traces
]eas n(umero) i [ n
10 ] n(umero) iiii
] . ṛa n(umero) ii
] c̣ouinni peṇ[si]lẹs n
] p̣(ondo) ḷxx []
] n(umero) ṿị
15 1 ]… . c̣ọṃ traces
c:
] ACCEPTA n
]o traces n
]atum n(umero) i
] couin[. p]ẹṇsilem n
5 ] ẹṛna Ianuar. n
] n(umero)
]ecṭum n
] c̣ọriạ [ n
] a traces n
uacat
10 ] . ṛo n
]… [[ ..]] ..
] . di n(umero) iiii
] n(umero) ii
] n(umero) ii
15 1] ṭị n(umero) iịi
] ..um n
d:
] p lv[ n
] p ḷx̣ịị [ n
] . i p̣e. [ n
] traces [
uacat
5 ] n… . a [
] couinnos [
] ḷẹṃ n(umero) [
[] .. eạ [
. . . . . . . .
e:
. . . . . . . .
traces
] . couinn[ n
] ad ca…… [ n
] ad iugụṃ [ n
5 ] traces
. . . . . . . .
f:
. . . . . . . .
] ge .
] de… [
] . aụị [ n
] traces [ n
. . . . . . . .
b.back:
] .. alis
] traces
] .. al .. [
] .. ḷạrum [.] xv .
uacat

commentary

a.1. p is written with a closed loop like a capital form and there is a long ascending diagonal following c (although it is not certain to be ink). This is presumably an abbreviation and it could be part of a heading which began in the lost portion to the left. The same abbreviation occurs in 736.A.b.2 (see note) The context is too fragmentary to give us any basis for resolving it. Perhaps p(raefect-) c(ohortis)? Cf. p n in 582a.ii.1, which we think should be resolved as p(raefecti) n(ostri).

a.5. The word also occurs in 582.a.ii.2 (see note). Here it presumably means "expended" rather than "eaten".

a.6. After the m there is a stroke which looks like a mark of abbreviation, although it could be a carelessly written o.

a.8. The writing is obscured by dirt. Given the quantity of material (80 lbs) one might look for ferrum preceding; -uṃ is plausible but the trace before that is entirely indeterminate. Cf. line 12 note.

a.11. capistra ("halters") is a good reading and fits the context.

a.12. ạḍ cọmp̣ạg̣ẹm is a possible reading, which would presumably mean a wooden structure or frame of some sort (see OLD s.v.3).

b.9. The number seems to begin with a long i (so also c.6).

b.12. On couinni pensiles see introd.

c.1. This is clearly a heading or sub-heading, written in a nice capital hand.

c.2. There are traces of two or three more letters but there may be even more completely lost at the right.

c.4. p]ẹṇsilem is surely to be read in view of its occurrence in b.12 but the problem is that there would not be room for couinnum in full before it. The best solution would be to suppose an abbreviation and read couin[n(um) p]ẹṇsilem.

c.5. ]ẹṛna: perhaps lac]ẹṛna or lant]ẹṛna (cf. 599.3) followed by a personal name, Ianuarị (cf. 343.iv.42-3 note, 580.4).

c.7. We should perhaps restore ref]ecṭum, cf. 599.3.

c.8. If the fragments are correctly joined, c̣ọriạ looks plausible; this is the toponym for Corbridge (154.7 note) but here it is perhaps more likely to be a reference to hides (cf. 343.ii.15), which might be used for the bodywork or for strapping for the suspension of the vehicle.

c.9. There is a space at the left; a could well be a preposition or the beginning of an indented sub-heading. The entries in 10, 12 and 15 might preserve the ends of names in the dative or ablative case.

c.10. Perhaps ẹṛó, with an apex; this may have been repeated in the next line, in error, and deleted.

c.16. refe]c̣ṭum looks possible (cf. line 7 note). ̣

d.1. There appears to be a trace after p; this may be dirt or a smudge. The most plausible interpretation is perhaps p(ondo) lv.

d.2. This may be p(ondo) followed by a number, cf. d.1 note.

d.3. Perhaps p̣eṇ[es at the right, but we could have couin]ṇị p̣eṇ[sil- .

e.2. The trace before couinn might be the foot of , and a]ḍ would make sense, cf. 597.a.4.

e.3. The traces are too indistinct to suggest ad cạp̣ịṣṭrạ (cf. a.11); it might be a word beginning cate-.

e.4. Cf. 597.a.4.

f.3-4. In both lines the trace after the break at the left might be a centurial sign.

g-o. 9 small fragments with remains of a few letters. The largest has traces of five lines of which the third has ]. pensile.[.

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