Tablet 631

description (a) 86 x 20 mm. (b) 40 x 12 mm.
Archaeological data. Location: SG (bonfire site). Period: 3.
Two fragments of a letter to Cerialis survive, written in a competent, right-sloping cursive; the cross-bar of e sometimes ligatures with the letter following. Interpunct occurs once. Fragment (a), complete at top and left, has the start of the letter; fragment (b), which does not join fragment (a), presumably fits at the lower right in this column, although it could belong to a second column; its right-hand margin is preserved.
Ingenuus, the sender, and Vindex, mentioned in (b), are both very common names and there is no special reason to identify them with others of these names known at Vindolanda; indeed, Vindex is not necessarily a personal name, see b.3 note. Ingenuus occurs also in 160, 181, 187, 648, and 735.


Ingenuus Ceriali suó
Vinouiae domine exc̣[ n
].[ ].[
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
] traces
]. Vindex n
[[...caụṣi]] · de n
. . . . . . . .


'Ingenuus to his Cerialis greetings. At Vinovia, my lord, I received(?) '


a.3. Vinouiae : no doubt the locative of Vinouia (Binchester), which is here treated as feminine singular; contrast 185.26 (cf. 2 note), where the locative is Vinouis, i.e. Vinouia is there considered to be neuter plural (cf. also Tab.Vindol.II, Index III s.v.). The reading is certain both here and in 185.26. The present text supports the suggestion in PNRB 504 that Vinouie in RIB I 1036 is a locative. exc̣[: either exc̣[, e.g. exc̣[epi , or, less probably, exẹ[, which might suggest the receipt of an exemplum of something.

b.2. On Vindex see 659.5 note.

b.3. caụṣi: the reading looks reasonably secure. Did the writer intend a form of causidicus or a related word and did the letter refer to a lawsuit or similar? If so, one wonders whether there is any connection with 659, where uindex again occurs. As is remarked in 659.5 note, in a legal context uindex might be a common noun.

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